The neurology is a medical specialisation dedicated to the nervous system’s diseases.
Neurology is a discipline which deals with the study and treatment of nervous system’s diseases. This system has two major divisions: the central nervous system, including the brain and spinal cord, and the peripheral nervous system, which deals with the nervous transmission of all modalities (visual, auditory, somatosensory, motor).
Neurologists deal with diseases that affect the brain, spinal cord and nerve trunks such as:
- Cerebrovascular diseases, such as strokes.
- Immune diseases of the central nervous system, such as multiple sclerosis
- Headaches and migraines
- Diseases of the peripheral nervous system, such as polyneuropathies
- Abnormal movements e.g. Parkinson's disease.
- Neurodegenerative diseases e.g. Alzheimer's disease and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis.
- Speech and language disorders
- Neuromuscular diseases or muscular dystrophy
Examinations frequently proposed and performed by neurologists are:
- Electroneuromyogram: study of peripheral nerve conduction and muscles
- Electroencephalogram: study of cerebral electrical activity
- Sonography of the cervical and intracerebral arteries: ultrasound study of blood flow
- Lumbar punctures for cerebrospinal fluid analysis.
The Clinique de La Source has a 25-bed outpatient centre that enables patients to benefit from numerous treatments and examinations related to neurological diseases.