Gastroenterology is the medical specialisation dedicated to the diagnosis and non-invasive treatment of gastrointestinal disorders from the oesophagus to the rectum.
Gastroenterology is a sub-speciality of internal medicine. This vast speciality focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of gastrointestinal disorders, from the oesophagus to the rectum, as well as diseases of the liver and pancreas. This speciality uses a range of medical means for diagnostic purposes, (including consultation, laboratory tests and medical imaging) as well as abdominal sonography (ultrasound), but is best-known for the use of gastrointestinal endoscopy.
The upper digestive tract is examined by means of gastroscopy1 (which includes examination of the oesophagus, the stomach and the duodenum). The lower digestive tract is examined by means of colonoscopy2, which enables examination of the rectum, the sigmoid colon and the entire colon as well as the small intestine. These examinations allow samples to be taken to make or confirm a diagnosis. Finally, our speciality also consists of other approaches, including several functional examinations.
All such endoscopic examinations are used either to make or confirm the diagnosis of several gastrointestinal conditions as well as conducting increasingly varied and complex interventions, of which the most frequent are stopping gastrointestinal bleeding, polyp removal, dilation of constrictions (strictures) and bile or pancreatic duct drainage.
The Clinique de La Source has a highly efficient gastrointestinal endoscopy centre driven by a very well-trained technical team with the ability to conduct any gastrointestinal endoscopy required for endoscopic diagnosis and treatment of gastrointestinal conditions. In addition, gastroenterologists at La Source are supported by complementary teams in the realms of visceral surgery, radiology, oncology and clinical nutrition. The proximity and complementarity of these teams in treating gastrointestinal conditions enable us to offer our patients multidisciplinary treatment and continuity of care in line with the highest current standards.
1 Gastroscopy : an examination conducted using a flexible tube equipped with a camera, called a gastroscope, inserted into the mouth in order to see Inside the oesophagus, stomach and duodenum. This can show up possible lesions and enable sample taking.
2 Colonoscopy : an examination conducted using a flexible tube equipped with a camera, called a colonoscope, inserted into the anus in order to look at the rectum, the large intestine and the tip of the small intestine. This can show up possible lesions and enable sample taking.